Before sending it to the U.S. Senate, Clinton added two subsidiary agreements, the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC) and the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) to protect workers and the environment, as well as to allay the concerns of many members of the House of Representatives. The United States has required its partners to comply with similar environmental practices and regulations. [Citation required] After much attention and discussion, the U.S. House of Representatives passed the North American Free Trade Agreement Implementation Act on November 17, 1993. Supporters of the deal included 132 Republicans and 102 Democrats. The legislation passed the Senate on November 20, 1993, 61-38.  The Supporters of the Senate were 34 Republicans and 27 Democrats. Republican Congressman David Dreier of California, a staunch supporter of NAFTA since the Reagan administration, has played a leading role in mobilizing support for the agreement among Republicans in Congress and across the country.   In its May 24, 2017 report, the Congressional Research Service (CRS) wrote that the economic impact of NAFTA on the U.S. economy was modest. In a 2015 report, the Congressional Research Service summarized several studies as follows: “In reality, NAFTA did not cause the huge job losses that critics feared, nor the significant economic benefits predicted by supporters.
The overall net effect of NAFTA on the U.S. economy appears to have been relatively small, not least because trade with Canada and Mexico accounts for a small percentage of U.S. GDP. However, there have been adjustment costs for workers and businesses as the three countries have prepared for more open trade and investment between their economies. :2 According to a World Bank study, NAFTA has brought economic and social benefits to the Mexican economy, but that it is not enough to reduce disparities in economic conditions between Mexico and the United States.73 Mexico needs to invest more in education, innovation and infrastructure, as well as in the quality of national institutions. The study also finds that income convergence between a Latin American country and the United States is limited by large differences in the quality of national institutions, in the innovation dynamics of domestic firms and in the skills of the workforce. While NAFTA has had a positive impact on wages and employment in some Mexican countries, 74 Another study indicates that Mexico`s ability to improve economic conditions depends on its ability to improve its national institutions and adds that since NAFTA came into force, Mexican institutions have not improved significantly compared to other Latin American countries.75 “UsmCA will give our workers our workers. , farmers, ranchers and businesses, a high-level trade agreement that will lead to freer markets, fairer trade and robust economic growth in our region.