Colombia Peace Agreement Timeline

U.S. and Colombian civil organizations are publishing Protect Colombia`s Peace, a joint report calling on the U.S. and Colombian governments to do more to implement the 2016 peace agreement and protect threatened social leaders. “The U.S. government`s diplomatic efforts in Colombia have helped pave the way for peace and this wise investment should not be wasted,” the report said. On 16 May 2014, a partial agreement was reached on another item on the agenda, namely illicit drugs. However, developments in Havana have been overshadowed by campaigns for parliamentary elections (9 March) and presidential elections in two rounds (25 May and 15 June). Former President Alvaro Uribe, the main opponent of the peace process, had founded his own party, the Democratic Centre (Centro Demokrético, CD), and in March led his party`s list for the Senate. The party`s list, led by Uribe, won more than 2 million votes and 20 seats and formed a strong opposition bloc in the new legislature, although parties supporting the peace process retained majorities in both houses of Congress. The peace process has become one of the main themes of the presidential race, with the promise of peace forming the basis of President Santos` re-election campaign, while scar Ivén Zuluaga, candidate of the Democratic Center of Uribe, rejected the peace process. Zuluaga said he would suspend peace talks until the FARC agreed to a lasting and verifiable unilateral ceasefire within eight days, conditions that are considered realistically impossible.

[40] In addition, Zuluaga asserted that there was no armed conflict, but a “terrorist threat”, claiming that issues such as land reform and illicit drugs could not be decided by the FARC, the “world`s largest drug cartel”. Instead, Zuluaga promised “peace without impunity” and said he was ready to reduce prison sentences for those who have committed crimes against humanity, but with a political justification limited to guerrillas and not commanders. [41] As agreed on 11 May 2016, the final agreement would be considered a special agreement within the meaning of Article 3 of the Geneva Conventions and, after its signing, it would be registered before the Federal Council in Bern. Subsequently, the President will make a unilateral declaration on behalf of the Colombian State to the Secretary-General of the United Nations regarding the final agreement on Resolution 2261 of 25 January 2016. – November 24, 2016: Santos and the FARC sign a revised peace agreement. A UN mission is expanding to monitor the disarmament and reintegration of ex-combatants. Five days after the final agreement was officially signed, the FARC would provide the UN with the information needed for dismantling. The FARC would make a contribution in a variety of ways, including providing information and cleaning and decontaminating areas affected by landmines, improvised explosive devices, unexploded means of warfare and explosive remnants of war.

The unequivocal bilateral ceasefire is the definitive end of hostilities and offensive actions between the government and the FARC. [128] Following the announcement of the final agreement on 24 August, President Juan Manuel Santos said that the bilateral and final ceasefire would begin at midnight on Monday, 29 August 2016. [129] Although there were no formal peace talks with the FARC under Uribe`s presidency, informal contacts were established in secret. In 2012, when the current peace process began, El Tiempo recounted how Uribe had sought “secret rapprochements with the FARC in search of a peace process” until the last moments of his second term. [9] In 2013, former Swiss mediator Jean Pierre Gontard said that in 2006 Uribe had ordered three small unilateral truces to facilitate talks between the two sides. [10] The day after the formal signing of the final agreement, the armed forces will make the necessary logistical adjustments to facilitate the movement of FARC units to these areas.