The Istanbul Agreement

4 The Parties shall endeavour to include, where appropriate, the prevention and punishment of violence against women and domestic violence in development assistance programmes for third countries, including through the conclusion of bilateral and multilateral agreements with third countries, in order to facilitate the protection of victims in accordance with Article 18; Paragraph 5. 1. The parties to disputes which may arise from the application or interpretation of the provisions of this Convention shall first endeavour to settle them by negotiation, conciliation, arbitration or any other method of peaceful settlement mutually recognized between them. 2. The Parties to this Agreement may conclude bilateral or multilateral agreements among themselves on the matters addressed in this Agreement in such a way as to supplement or strengthen its provisions or to facilitate the application of the principles set out therein. It characterizes violence against women as a violation of human rights and as a form of discrimination (art. 3 (a)). Countries should exercise due diligence to prevent violence, protect victims and prosecute perpetrators (Article 5). The Convention also contains a definition of sex: for the purposes of the Convention, sex is defined in Article 3(c) as “socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities and characteristics that a particular society deems appropriate for women and men”. In addition, the Treaty establishes a number of offences classified as violence against women. States that ratify the Convention must criminalize several offences, including psychological violence (article 33); harassment (section 34); physical violence (art. 35); sexual violence, including rape, which expressly includes any participation in non-consensual acts of a sexual nature with a person (Article 36), forced marriage (Article 37); Female genital mutilation (Article 38), forced abortion and forced sterilization (Article 39). The Convention stipulates that sexual harassment must be subject to “criminal or other sanctions” (Article 40).

The Convention also contains an article that covers crimes committed in the name of so-called “honour” (art. 42). [2] (2) 1 Nothing in this Convention may be the subject of a reservation with the derogations provided for in paragraphs 2 and 3. 2. The Parties shall encourage the training referred to in paragraph 1 to include training on coordinated cooperation between several agencies in order to enable full and adequate processing of transfers of funds in cases of violence falling within the scope of this Convention. investigation or proceeding concerning offences found under this Convention; 3In case of need, a party receiving the information referred to in paragraph 2 shall transmit that information to its competent authorities so that proceedings can be initiated where they are deemed appropriate or so that such information can be taken into account in relevant civil and criminal proceedings. . .